periyar cardamom hills

Thekkady is a popular resort and spice trading town next to Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary in the Cardamom Hills and provides convenient access to the park. This is a protected area placed in the Idukki and Pathanamthitta districts of Kerala. Things to do near Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary, Is this attraction a good place to visit on a, Is this a romantic place or activity that you would suggest for, Is this a must-do if you are traveling with a. The most prestigious region on the high ranges of the Western Ghats, the Periyar Tiger Reserve is located on the Cardamom Hills … It is known as an elephant and tiger reserve. Each year, around half a million travelers make their way up into the Cardamom Hills, where the crisp, cool air is redolent with the scents of spices, and soaring mountains give way to tea plantations and dense jungle. More than 60 species of mammals are found here; including the Asiatic elephant, Bengal tiger, Indian bison, sambar deer, Indian wild dog, leopard and barking deer. [23], There is an alternate claim for a Tamil Nadu origin according to a report by M L Joseph, indicating that the Periyar originates in the Sivagiri peaks of Sundaramala, Tamil Nadu. Owing to its scenic location and evergreen ambience, it has become an ideal home to a large number of rare and endangered wildlife species. Power generation at Idukki is minimal during the monsoon. Early morning walks are recommended as the forest comes to life with the calls of birds and monkeys while a boat trip on the lake is a great way to spot elephants, gaur and deer. Its eastern boundary is a northwest to southeast ridge separating the Idukki reservoir from the Kallar/Perinjankutty tributary of Periyar which drains the main Cardamom Hills. The original forest was mostly of the Shola-Grassland type. This portion of the Periyar basin is drier than all other west sloping parts of the Western Ghats. The High Range portion is essentially the south and west draining slopes of the main Anamalai ridge with the Cardamom Hills located to its south. These rainforests extend further west into the adjacent Pamba basin within the Gudarakal Forest Range and continue south beyond the Gudarakal Range into the forests of the Achankovil Division. In its early course, the river flows in a narrow north sloping valley starting from the Chokkampatti hills and extending north about 25 kilometres (16 mi), with a number of sharp lateral ridges running down to it from east and west. The area covering 350 sq km right in the middle of serene Periyar Lake was declared as a National Park in the year 1982. Guide will approach you at offers of trips via jeep or taxi to the hills and if you can get a group together, these trips work out as a good travel value. [22], To the west of the Lower Periyar Valleys are the midlands, which are characterized by undulating topography with small hills separated by valleys. It’s located in the Cardamom Hills section of the Western Ghats at an altitude of 900m-1800m. [9] Downstream of the Mullaperiyar dam, the Periyar continues to flow northwestward for 35 kilometres (22 mi), exiting the Periyar Tiger Reserve and passing through Vandiperiyar, Elappara and Ayyappancoil to the Idukki reservoir formed by the Idukki, Cheruthoni and Kulamavu dams. This area is believed to harbour about 2,000 elephants and is one of the potential landscapes for the long-term conservation of the species. [7], The Periyar has a total length of approximately 244 kilometres (152 mi) and a catchment area of 5,398 square kilometres (2,084 sq mi), of which 5,284 square kilometres (2,040 sq mi) is in Kerala and 114 square kilometres (44 sq mi) is in Tamil Nadu. What are the nearby attractions? The park was created from a dense forest which is why it seems so natural. Cassells periyar tiger reserve homestay is sorrounded with misty hills and plantations in the idukki district which captures the essence of all that is wild and wonderful. Dr. Salim Ali, India's greatest ornithologist, once described this tiny, 25-square-kilometre (10 sq mi) bird sanctuary, located about 60 kilometres (37 mi) north-east of Kochi, as "The richest bird habitat in peninsular India".[62]. This region is also known for its rich biodiversity. [79][80], The Supreme Court of India, in its verdict on 7 May 2014, stated that although the Periyar rises in and traverses only in the territory of Kerala before entering into Arabian sea, no part of the land in Tamil Nadu abuts river Periyar and that Tamil Nadu is not a riparian state of the Periyar river, the fact that a small part of the Periyar river basin lies in Tamil Nadu is enough to make the river interstate in nature. See my pictures for, We went for a Jungle Trek through the wildlife sanctuary . Together with the nearby plantation town of Kumily, it forms a convenient base to explore the surrounding Cardamom hills. One of the most important Christian pilgrim centres in Kerala, this holy shrine attracts devotees in very large numbers not only from Kerala but also from the neighbouring states. Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary. Supply of water for drinking and industrial purposes are met by a portion of storage water by the barrage of Bhoothathankettu. The Church has a life-size statue of St. Thomas and the imprint of the feet of the Apostle on a rock. Immediately downstream of Mullaperiyar dam, Periyar cuts through this ridge. If you are planning a trip to the South, then visiting this national park is a must. [49] The most industrialized zone of Periyar lies in this part of the basin between Angamaly and Cochin, with over 50 large and medium scale industries. A southwest to northeast ridge called the Chekuthan Mala separates the Idukki Sub-plateau from the Peermade Plateau as well as the main mass of Cardamom Hills. Spices from Southern India was considered to have possessed world-class quality. [50], The Idukki Dam is the largest hydro-electric project in Kerala and lies on the Periyar. Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary. [9][47][48] Within this section there are a series of deep west-sloping valleys where the valley floors are often at elevations less than 300 metres (980 ft). The western edge of Panniyar and Muthirapuzha Basins form the eastern border of this section. In the north, these hills extend up to the high Munnar saddle running east to Chokkanad Mala and further on to Kolukkumala on the eastern edge of the Ghats. The sanctuary which borders with Tamil Nadu is located in the Cardamom and Pandhalam hills in the Western Ghats. The reserve along the river Periyar, which originates in the heart of these forests, spreads over an area of 925 sq km amidst Thekkady’s spice-scented Cardamom Hills. This area forms the north-eastern corner of the Periyar basin. [43] The dams falling within Tamil Nadu in the Periyar basin are the Upper Nirar Weir and the Lower Nirar Dam. There are cardamom hills, there is cardamom hill reserve, there is the Western Ghats. [52], The important reservoirs in the Periyar basin within Kerala are Bhoothathankettu,[53] Idamalayar, Lower Periyar, Mattupetty, Anayirangal, Kundala, Ponmudi, Kallarkutti, Idukki (formed by construction of three dams—Idukki, Cheruthoni and Kulamavu),[54] Sengulam, Kallar, Erattayar and Mullaperiyar. Nearly 80% of the total area situated in the high ranges are susceptible to erosion and mass movements. The state of Kerala has asserted during the hearings on the Mullaperiyar issue in the Supreme Court of India that the Periyar originates in Kerala, flows entirely through Kerala and joins the sea in the Kerala. Temperatures are cooler than on the coast, ranging from 15 – 30 degrees celsius, so bring warm and waterproof clothes. It has no significant extent of natural forests remaining anywhere. Kerala states that the Periyar is an intrastate river since no part of it flows through Tamil Nadu. The sub-plateau extends north from near Ayyappankoil to near Neriamangalam. Most of the streams flow in deep gorges with steep valleys along the highlands of the basin. Reach Periyar. Thekkady straddles both Tamil Nadu & Kerala. [39][40] After receiving the waters of the Idamalayar river, the Periyar flows west along the midlands of Ernakulam district. The Panniyar joins the Muthirapuzha, which drains the High Range Plateau section of the Periyar Basin in the north. The general gradient is towards the west here. Pepper is known as the King and cardamom is known as the queen of spices, and the best of them come from the Western Ghats of Southern India. You are allocated a seat and there are 4 seats in a row so it is pot luck as to whether you have a good seat or not. The Siva temple on the sand bank of Periyar River throngs with devotees every year on Mahasivarathri day. The valley floor is at an elevation of 1,000 metres (3,300 ft) and the ridges on either side often reach 1,800 metres (5,900 ft). The largest is within the Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary. This section drains into the Periyar through the Perinjankutty Ar and the drainage channel is essentially from south-east to north-west. Periyar (meaning: big river) is the longest river and the river with the largest discharge potential in the Indian state of Kerala. The Periyar National Park in Thekkady, Kerala, is one of the most bio-diverse regions in the world and the best-protected reserve area that one can lay eyes on in India. Several species of birds, both forest birds as well as the water birds visit the sanctuary. The place is located in between the Cardamom Hills and Pandalam Hills. Did you know that cardamom plantation was the Monopoly of the Travancore Kingdom that ruled over Southern Kerala for more than 400 years, yes along with the British towards the end.. To the south of this section is the Idukki sub-plateau and to the southeast, the Cardamom Hills. The dam also permits storage of water for the dry summer period when many other reservoirs in the area are low. On the other hand, the landscape has also witnessed a variety of developmental activities including commercial plantations, hydroelectric and irrigation projects and other forms of infrastructural development that impede the movement of elephants. Very close to the park, you can find many resorts and lodges that provide boat safari or jeep safari from the hotel. [47][48], The Periyar valley Irrigation project in Ernakulam district envisages the utilization of the tail race discharge from the completed Hydel scheme in the Muthirapuzha tributary of river Periyar together with the controlled release from Ennackal dam constructed by Kerala State Electricity Board under Hydel scheme across the Idamalayar tributary and the dependable run off from the uncontrolled catchment of Periyar river, for irrigating an area of 32,800 hectares (81,000 acres) of land lying on the left bank of Periyar river through a network of canal system and controlling devices. The exceedingly violent impact of very heavy rainfall on a likely geologically unstable part of the Western Ghats where there is extensive faulting has caused accelerated weathering and erosion, carving out a complex of deep valleys on the western face of the High Range Plateau. Clearly haven’t learnt from the disaster they had in 2009. the boats were very busy and it was almost impossible to take photos. The Idukki dam is constructed across the Periyar river on the famous Idukki gorge formed by the Kuravan and Kurathi hills. There are cardamom hills, there is cardamom hill reserve, there is the Western Ghats. There are cardamom hills, there is cardamom hill reserve, there is the Western Ghats. Pepper is known as the King and cardamom is known as the queen of spices, and the best of … cardamom county The first ISO Certified four-star resort in Kerala, Cardamom County is conveniently perched on the gradient of a gently sloping hill facing the Periyar Tiger Reserve. This shrine has now been accorded an international pilgrimage station. The Vembanad backwaters are connected to the Lakshadweep Sea at Cochin and Kodungallur. [76] The Aluva Environmental Protection Forum[77] started by Sitaraman and others have played a pivotal role in the prevention of illegal sand mining and water pollution in the lower reaches of the river. This ridge separates the basin of Pamba from Periyar. Location of Periyar National Park. It lies between latitudes 9°15’30"N and 10°21’00"N and longitudes 76°08’38"E and 77°24’32"E. The river drains parts of Idukki, Ernakulam and Thrissur districts in Kerala[43] and Coimbatore district in Tamil Nadu. Separating these valleys are a jumble of steep hills and flat topped plateaux with scarp faces rearing up to elevations of around 900 to 1,500 metres (3,000 to 4,900 ft). [59], The Periyar Tiger Reserve (PTR) is also one of the most ecologically diverse regions in India. [81], Waterway map [3][4] It is one of the few perennial rivers in the region and provides drinking water for several major towns. Spices from Southern India was considered to have possessed world-class quality. 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The deep channel of the Western Ghats extends across the Cardamom Hills section of the total area situated Thekkady. Basins form the eastern border of the PTR 60 ], from Periyar Thekkady Lake and reservoir, some is... An inverted `` L '' shape with a total number of first order streams of 15,773 Kerala.The forest...

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