The scheme will be run by an independent Labour Hire Licensing Authority which will monitor compliance with the scheme.81 At the time of writing, the bill had passed the First House (Legislative Assembly).82 The state of Queensland passed the Labour Hire Licensing Act 2017 in September 2017. According to the inquiry report, traffickers facilitate the women's entry to Australia by a range of fraudulent means, including providing visas (usually student or holiday visas), false passports … In 2002, Australia helped establish the Bali Process on People Smuggling, Trafficking in Persons and Related Transnational Crime, which it co-chairs with Indonesia. Schliebs, M. 2018, ‘Forced marriage law rarely used’. These persons are seeking to migrate to improve their lives and the socio-economic status of their families. In November 2015, the passing of the Crimes Legislation Amendment Powers, Offences and Other Measures) Act 2015 further strengthened the offence of forced marriage, which was first introduced in 2013.61 The amendments reflect the understanding and interpretation of forced marriage as a slavery-like practice, expanding the definition to include circumstances in which one or both parties do not freely and fully consent to the marriage because he or she is incapable of understanding the effect and nature of a marriage ceremony, for reasons such as age or mental capacity. As of April 2017, six human trafficking and slavery matters were still before the court.5 In February 2018, the Australian government announced that it will generate a national estimate for modern slavery for the first time.6. This was calculated using the labour force figure for “total employed persons” (11,933,4000) in June 2016, provided by the Australian Bureau of Statistics, Available from: ‘Carabooda raids: Numerous charges after WA operation targets organised crime’ 2014.. Offer, K 2014, ‘Ten WA men charged over raids on Carabooda market garden compound’. Cases of forced labour exploitation in Australia predominantly occur in industries considered at risk, including agriculture,7 construction,8 domestic work,9 meat processing,10 cleaning, hospitality, and food services.11 Historically, those identified as victims of labour exploitation were working as domestic workers, however there has been an increase in referrals relating to hospitality, agriculture and construction.12 Many of these industries employ a high percentage of migrant workers13 who enter Australia through its temporary visa scheme designed to fulfil Australia’s labour shortages.14 A 2016 senate inquiry into wage abuse and visas uncovered exploitation of temporary work visa holders in Australia, in particular individuals on working holiday visas, Seasonal Worker program visas, international student visas, and skilled temporary “457" visas.15 A 2017 report drawing on survey responses from over 4,300 temporary migrants working in a range of jobs all across Australia, found that Australia has a ‘silent underclass’ of migrant workers, primarily made up of international students and backpackers, who are paid well below the minimum wage, with some of these also working in conditions that could amount to forced labour.16 The number of individuals on temporary working visas in 2015-16 amounted to 741,846 (excluding subclass 444 visas for New Zealanders),17 accounting for about 6.2 percent of the total workforce.18 In addition to these lawfully residing temporary migrants, the Department of Immigration and Border Protection (now Department of Home Affairs) reported 1,970 illegal workers during 2015-16. 2017. We might not want to believe it, but human trafficking and slavery happens in Australia. Australian Foreign Minister Marise Payne revealed on Tuesday that Australia had joined the United Nations’ Blue Heart Campaign, a global initiative working to raise awareness and curb the “heinous crime” that is human trafficking on a national, regional, and global level. The top five imported products at risk of modern slavery were identified from an original list of 15 products considered at risk of modern slavery. The proposed legislation will require all labour hire service providers to hold a license which can be obtained through demonstrating compliance with workplace and labour hire laws, as well as minimum accommodation standards. That is not to say that sex trafficking is not an issue in Australia. Human trafficking is the trade of humans for the purpose of forced labour, sexual slavery, or commercial sexual exploitation for the trafficker or others. Australia has this week made major strides to tackle human trafficking, modern slavery, and forced labor in the region. Australia is committed to a future where no one is a victim of human trafficking or slavery, and the ACRATH is proud to be a member of this network. Strategies for action will be suggested and discussed at the next Bali Process Conference in August 2018.112, An Iranian detainee walks back to her room at Christmas Island Detention Center, Photo credit: Paula Bronstein/Getty Images, Imports of products at risk of modern slavery to Australia. It commonly involves one person controlling another person and exploiting them for work such as sex or forced labour. According to the United Nation’s Office on Drugs and Crime 1 , people from 136 different countries were trafficked into 118 different countries between 2007 and 2010. This business-government initiative was developed to encourage cooperative efforts in the Indo-Pacific region to combat modern slavery and human trafficking.111 The forum brought together business leaders and government officials to examine how government and business can best work together to develop effective strategies and policies to prevent and respond to this crime. These include Telstra,98 Qantas,99 Wesfarmers,100 and Ashurst LLP,101 among others. “Ever since UNODC started collecting statistics on human trafficking 15 years ago, women and girls have consistently represented the majority of reported victims,” says Zoi Sakelliadou, a UNODC Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Officer, who coordinated the development of … Similar to the proposed bill in Victoria, the Act establishes a mandatory labour hire licensing scheme for operators in Queensland to protect labour hire workers from exploitation. What is human trafficking? As a result of the findings of the state of Victoria’s “Inquiry into the Labour Hire Industry and Insecure Work”, the Victorian government introduced the Labour Hire Licensing Bill 2017 in December 2017, seeking to protect labour hire workers from being exploited and underpaid. To this day, there have only been two prosecutions, including one conviction, involving charges relating to labour trafficking in Australia.  Eighty percent of North Koreans who escape into China are women.Nine out of 10 of those women become victims of human trafficking, often for sex.If the women complain, they are deported back to North Korea, where they are thrown into gulags or are executed. See https://wikirate.org/Qantas_Airways?filter%5Bmetric_value%5D=all&filter%5Bproject%5D=UK+Modern+Slavery+Act+Research for more details. Although trafficking involves movement of people it does not necessarily occur across national borders and must involve exploitation of the victim and, at least where the victims are adults, an element of force, deception or abuse of power. About half of convicted human traffickers in recent years in Australia are women, with a high proportion of those having been victims of trafficking themselves, according to new research. For up to date and accurate information about trafficking in Australia check the following web sites: ACRATH is a registered charity with the Australian Charities and Not-for-profit Commission (ACNC). This in turn increases their vulnerability and makes prevention and identification of abuse more difficult. Australia is well known as a destination country for victims of trafficking, particularly people from Thailand, Malaysia, the Philippines and Korea. Amendments to the Criminal Code were made in 2005 to implement the Protocol. horticulture, meat processing and cleaning industries), similar to the schemes in Queensland, Victoria, and South Australia. The legislation also has the potential to substantially improve the lives of the men, women and children who have experienced human trafficking and slavery in Australia. Therefore, the most recent available figures are those for financial year 2015/16. People Smugglingis the organised, illegal movement of people across borders, usually on a payment for service basis. Permanently unlink support pathways for forced marriage victims from mandatory engagement with law enforcement. Hedwards, B, Andrevski, H & Bricknell, S 2017. However, sexual exploitation is likely the most common form of modern slavery identified to date because until 2013 the Australian legal framework only criminalised the offences of sexual servitude and deceptive recruiting for sexual services. Speech by Assistant Minister for Home Affairs, The Hon Alex Hawke MP, held on 15 February 2018 at Parliament House in Canberra, Australia. The statements analysed by the Modern Slavery Act Project were the most recently available statements at the time the research was conducted – in most cases, this would be the 2016 statement. Thailand in particular has faced allegations of trafficking and forced labour in its fishing industry in recent years.40 Rice from India and cocoa from Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana are two other at-risk products which Australia imports at a considerable value. [16, http://www.aic.gov.au/media_library/publications/rpp/108/rpp108.pdf, http://www.aph.gov.au/Parliamentary_Business/Committees/Senate/Education_and_Employment/temporary_work_visa/~/media/Committees/eet_ctte/temporary_work_visa/report/report.pdf, https://static1.squarespace.com/static/593f6d9fe4fcb5c458624206/t/5a11ff31ec212df525ad231d/1511128887089/Wage+theft+in+Australia+Report_final_web.pdf, https://www.border.gov.au/about/reports-publications/research-statistics/statistics/year-at-a-glance/2015-16, http://www.ausstats.abs.gov.au/ausstats/meisubs.nsf/0/702ADCA7FC70AE7BCA257FEF007D96B4/$File/62020_jun%202016.pdf, https://www.perthnow.com.au/news/wa/perth-nursery-ordered-to-pay-back-nearly-30000-to-overseas-workers-for-unlawful-rent-deductions-ng-d849b0de4fe0e852dd3e530dd8ae0e57, https://www.perthnow.com.au/news/wa/ten-wa-men-charged-over-raids-on-carabooda-market-garden-compound-ng-be801d1af8c99e08fc8447cfba48deb7, http://www.aph.gov.au/DocumentStore.ashx?id=1e53a4bd-20e3-45c1-99b5-d3ef0e818f3e&subId=463418, https://endslavery.salvos.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/Sub-199.pdf, https://www.girlsnotbrides.org/resource-centre/end-child-marriage-australia-research-report-forced-marriage-children-australia/, https://www.theaustralian.com.au/news/nation/forced-marriage-law-rarely-used/news-story/83fff660d12c43a8b4b4d9e6bc00841d, http://aic.gov.au/media_library/publications/rr/002/rr002.pdf, http://aic.gov.au/media_library/publications/rr/002/rr002.pdf. This issue is currently being addressed through a Ministerial review of the Industrial Relations System in Western Australia. Establish a national Independent Anti-Slavery Commissioner as part of the proposed Modern Slavery Act. The Global Slavery Index 2018 estimates that on any given day in 2016, there were 15,000 living in conditions of modern slavery in Australia, a prevalence of 0.6 victims of modern slavery for every thousand people in the country. Human trafficking in Australia is illegal under Divisions 270 and 271 of the Criminal Code (Cth). Under the amended definition, a person under the age of 16 is presumed to be incapable of understanding the nature and effect of a marriage ceremony. See the Judicial Commission’s Sentencing Book. There are reports that some cases of forced sexual exploitation involve partner migration visas, where female migrants are tricked into sham marriages and then forced into sexual exploitation or domestic servitude. 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