types of phobia in psychology

Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing; 2013. Accessed June 5, 2019. Accessed June 5, 2019. Understanding Anemophobia, the Fear of Air. Steven Gans, MD is board-certified in psychiatry and is an active supervisor, teacher, and mentor at Massachusetts General Hospital. PLAY. Agoraphobia (Fear of a situation where escape may be difficult) Affects: 0.9% of the U.S. population. . Algophobia - Fear of pain. In other words, their personal space is more easily interfered with compared to other people’s. This phobia test tells you when it is likely that you meet the criteria of a specific phobia, whether or not your symptoms may have reduced due to safety objects or behaviours [1], and if you may suffer from another mental disorder. The American Psychiatric Association (APA) identifies three different categories of phobias: social phobias, agoraphobia, and specific phobias. When people talk about having a phobia of a specific object such as snakes, spiders, or needles, they are referring to a specific phobia. Near space and its relation to claustrophobic fear, Fear of Flying, Therapy Takes to the Skies. Health Research Funding. The response can often occur at the site of a needle, before the procedure is performed. The space can vary from a confined area, like a closet or elevator, to being trapped in a crowded room, where others are invading one’s personal space. “Social Anxiety Disorder.” July 2018. People with claustrophobia also tend to, consider their personal space as farther from their body. National Institute of Mental Health. People with astraphobia will experience extreme symptoms of anxiety during storms, which many times will be amplified if the person is alone. How Can Living With a Phobia Interfere With Your Life? Overcoming social phobia is often very difficult without the help of ther… .” BMC Psychiatry, December 1, 2007. People with aerophobia become extremely anxious when flying. We're here to help you or your loved one. Don't wait another day. “Astraphobia: Fear of Thunder and lightning – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment.” Accessed June 5, 2019. 2013;12(2):92-8. doi:10.1002/wps.20050, Spiegel SB. A specific phobia is an unrealistic or extreme fear of a specific situation, object, or setting. Specific Phobias – These are the most common types of phobias. Verywell Mind uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. They may also be afraid of dirt or getting dirty, where germs might be present. This can sometimes be confused with herpetophobia, which is a fear of reptiles in general, but people with ophidiophobia are specifically afraid of snakes. We have comprehensive treatment plans and online services like teletherapy that can help you gain control of your thoughts and actions. Genuphobia, the Fear of Knees. October 16, 2018. Their symptoms can sometimes be relieved if accompanied by another person. Block, MD, A–Z List of Some of the More Common Phobias. The Different Factors That Cause Certain Phobias to Develop, How Specific Phobias Are Diagnosed Using the DSM-5, Getting Help for the Fear of Butterflies and Moths or Lepidopterophobia, The Different Reasons Why People Are Afraid of Mirrors, Coping With the Fear of Dead Things (Necrophobia), The Differences Between Phobia and Panic Disorder, Why Your Phobia Triggers a Severe Physiological Response. They will refuse to come in close proximity to spiders, especially getting close enough to kill or remove it from their home. Do you know which phobia you may be prone to have or might … Health Research Funding. Landová, Eva; Bakhshaliyeva, Natavan; Janovcova Markéta; et al. The fear is usually so intense that it interferes with a person’s everyday life, to the extent that it prevents them from achieving their life goals. Mysophobia is a fear of germs. As a voluntary facility, we're here to help you heal -- on your terms. Association Between Fear and Beauty Evaluation of Snakes: Cross-Cultural Findings. This can be seen as a variant of social anxiety disorder but is more specific in that people with glossophobia are afraid of talking in front of groups of people. Other definitions include a fear of leaving home alone, fear of crowds or fear of having a panic attack in public. . People with agoraphobia usually experience flashes of severe fear, resembling a panic attack. Regier DA, Kuhl EA, Kupfer DJ. Simple, or specific phobias, are the most common type of phobia. Understanding animal fears: a comparison of the cognitive vulnerability and harm-looking models. Accessed June 5, 2019. People suffering from this phobia are scared of long words as the name aptly indicates. In some cases, the symptoms of trypanophobia can also be induced by observing others undergoing injections. Contains bibliographic reference sources. People with arachnophobia will avoid places where spiders might be found at all costs. But the truth is such kind of phobia is psychologically true and exists in reality. This often means not participating in outdoor activities, such as camping or hiking. Women are more likely to experience phobias than men. When a person has a psychological phobia, they will […] Umatilla, FL 32784(352) 771-2700Map & Directions. “Specific Phobia.” November 2017. This fear can also be experienced by animals, such as dogs and cats. While listing all of the phobias that may exist is not possible, it can be helpful to look through a list of some of the more commonly described phobias. This fear can vary widely, from becoming very nervous when standing in front of a crowd to being unable to speak at all. Similar to arachnophobia, people with ophidiophobia will avoid places where snakes may be found and avoid participating in outdoor activities such as camping or hiking. As the name suggests, they refer to persistent, unreasonable fears of specific objects, situations or places. . While not comprehensive, this phobia list offers a glimpse of the many phobias that can have a serious impact on a person's life. National Institute of Mental Health. It is also known as a fear of needles. Cynophobia is a fear of dogs. Accessed June 5, 2019. People with agoraphobia tend to think of places outside of their home as unsafe. People with acrophobia will commonly have symptoms of spinning, also known as vertigo, in response to situations where they perceive they are high off the ground. Health Research Funding. Jackson RE. Understanding Unreasonable Fear Psychological phobias are what most people think of when the term “phobia” is mentioned; an intense and unreasonable fear, despite clear evidence that such fear is not necessary. Phobia Major Types of Anxiety Disorders. National Institute of Mental Health. A phobia is classified as a type of anxiety disorder, since anxiety is the chief symptom experienced by the sufferer. Phobias Explaining Phobias. Accessed June 5, 2019. 5. The names of specific phobias are often formed as nonce words, or words coined for a single occasion only. Social phobia (also called social anxiety or social anxiety disorder) A lot of people can find social situations difficult, or feel shy or awkward at certain times – this is completely normal. Chapman University “America’s Top Fears of 2018.” Chapman University Survey of Fears. Phobia Condition Bacteriophobia: fear of bacteria Basophobia, basiphobia fear associated with astasia-abasia (fear of walking/standing erect) and a fear of falling Batrachophobia: fear/dislike of frogs and other amphibians, a zoophobia: Belonephobia: fear of needles Bibliophobia: fear of books Blood-injection-injury type phobia Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.). These include: It is estimated that 9.1% of people in the United States have a specific type of phobia. It may be related to hypochondria, which is a condition wherein a person is overly anxious about their health. People with acrophobia tend to overestimate vertical distances, meaning that at certain heights, they perceive themselves as being higher off the ground than they really are. This phobia may stem from a traumatic experience, such as a loved one being severely injured or dying in a traumatic situation. As with social phobia, this may stem from the fear of being embarrassed in front of others. This can sometimes be confused with herpetophobia, which is a fear of reptiles in general, but people with ophidiophobia are specifically afraid of snakes. Phobias are a type of anxiety disorder and differ from generalized anxiety disorders because the anxiety is only experienced when you are faced with the specific object/situation feared. Alternative Title: anxiety hysteria Phobia, an extreme, irrational fear of a specific object or situation. She... is a type of anxiety disorder brought on by the fear of certain things or situations. We know the struggle, which is why we're uniquely qualified to help. Sign up to find out more in our Healthy Mind newsletter. This medical web page has been reviewed and validated by a health professional. .” Chapman University Survey of Fears. Accessed June 5, 2019. See AlsoWeird PhobiasComplete List of PhobiasFear vs. PhobiaPhobias MythsHow to Help a Friend With PhobiasSee More, The Recovery Village Drug and Alcohol Rehab633 Umatilla Blvd. The Medical Model in Psychology on Phobias and the Brain. It can also be derived from a traumatic experience with a snake, such as being startled by, hissed at or even bitten by one. Am J Clin Hypn. These reactions can sometimes be evoked by a mere picture of a spider. Generalised Anxiety Disorder. Accessed June 5, 2019. National Institute of Mental Health. Medically reviewed by Steven Gans, MD. It can also be derived from a traumatic experience with a snake, such as being startled by, hissed at or even bitten by one. This phobia tends to stem from the fear that the airplane will crash. Like arachnophobia, this phobia is thought to be an. Their symptoms can sometimes be relieved if accompanied by another person. Describe the treatment options for specific phobia. People with social anxiety are extremely afraid of social interactions, to the point that It is frequently debilitating and interferes with their life. Claustrophobia is a fear of small spaces. If you are a healthcare professional and you find any issue, please reach out to. While it is also thought to be related to obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), people with OCD tend to be more obsessed with the act of washing their hands rather than the exposure to germs. How Phobias or Persistent and Extreme Fears Are Treated. For some, it is brought on by simply entering a plane or even the thought of entering a plane, whereas others experience the phobia when there is turbulence during a flight. Trypanophobia is a fear of injections. Phobias can have a serious impact on well-being, but it is important to remember that you are not alone. A. Achluophobia - Fear of darkness. Accessed June 5, 2019. This fear can vary widely, from becoming very nervous when standing in front of a crowd to being unable to speak at all. Health Research Funding. If you are affected by a phobia and are using substances in order to cope, contact The Recovery Village today. A to Z: Strange and Common List of Phobias, Ⓒ 2021 About, Inc. (Dotdash) — All rights reserved. Specific phobias may be caused by a negative experience with the object or situation in early childhood. People with glossophobia will evade public speaking whenever possible, usually avoiding occupations that require public speaking. People with claustrophobia also tend to consider their personal space as farther from their body than people without claustrophobia. Our sole focus is getting you back to the healthy, sober life you deserve, and we are ready and waiting to answer your questions or concerns 24/7. If it is absolutely necessary, some may endure it with great anguish, while others will simply choose not to go anywhere that would require them to fly to get there. Accessed June 5, 2019. Phobias are one of the most common mental illnesses in the United States. Social phobias: A fear of social situations includes an extreme and pervasive fear of social situations. Other definitions include a fear of leaving home alone, fear of crowds or fear of having a panic attack in public. “Association Between Fear and Beauty Evaluation of Snakes: Cross-Cultural Findings.” Frontiers in Psychology, March 16, 2018. National Institute of Mental Health. They may avoid situations such as traveling on public transportation, visiting the mall, standing in crowded rooms, where exits may be limited, or even being in spaces that are wide open, where they may be too exposed. Acrophobia is a fear of heights. . They tend to be extremely clean and disinfect everything in their homes. Phobias are common, but also treatable. If you believe that you have the symptoms of some type of phobia, consult your doctor for further evaluation and treatment advice. 1. © The Recovery Village Drug and Alcohol Rehab All Rights Reserved. National Institute of Mental Health. Acrophobia - Fear of heights. 4.3.1 Clinical Description. Learning Theory. Read our, Medically reviewed by Daniel B. is a fear of germs. Glossophobia is a fear of public speaking. Two of the most common complex phobias are social phobia and agoraphobia. Indicate which disorders are commonly comorbid with specific phobia. It can also be a fear of being a victim of a crime or an act of terrorism, exposure to illness or being in an accident. Types of phobia There are three broad phobia categories: specific phobias, social phobias, and agoraphobia. The information has been screened and edited by health professionals to contain objective information on diagnosis and treatment of diseases. Amaxophobia - Fear of riding in a car. “Fear of Flying, Therapy Takes to the Skies.” The New York Times, July 24, 2007. This phobia is thought to develop from an innate fear of spiders that are venomous, which would result in negative effects, or death, if bitten. Aichmophobia - Fear of needles or pointed objects. It can also be a combination of other phobias that culminate in the environment of an airplane, such as a fear of a confined space, heights, no escape or an outbreak of illness. People with cynophobia will commonly freeze at the site of a dog and have intense symptoms of anxiety. Terms in this set (67) Phobias. Acarophobia- fear of mites and by generalization to other small insects. . As a voluntary facility, we're here to help you heal -- on your terms. Because of this, any attempt at a completely exhaustive list of phobias would simply be an exercise in futility. Some individuals may turn to alcohol or drugs to cope with their phobias. The fear is usually so intense that it interferes with a person’s everyday life, to the extent that it prevents them from achieving their life goals. The National Institute of Mental Health suggests that 8% of U.S. adults have some type of phobia. , this may stem from the fear of being embarrassed in front of others. It is usually brought on by a fear of judgment by others or feeling exceedingly self-conscious when out in public. National Institute of Mental Health. In some cases, this fear may center on a very particular type of … They are afraid of being embarrassed or humiliating themselves in front of others. For example, those who experience agoraphobia may also have a number of other phobias that are connected. People with trypanophobia will experience extreme anxiety in response to procedures requiring a needlestick, such as getting a shot or getting their blood drawn. The most common are fear of spiders, fear of snakes, and fear of heights. Accessed June 5, 2019. Systematic desensitization. Accessed June 5, 2019. They may find it difficult to interact with others who have dogs, including friends of family members. Spell. We know the struggle, which is why we're uniquely qualified to help.Your call is confidential, and there's no pressure to commit to treatment until you're ready. Astraphobia: Fear of Thunder and lightning – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment, Individual differences in distance perception. People with agoraphobia usually experience flashes of severe fear, resembling a. . 4. American Psychiatric Association. Accessed June 5, 2019. Accessed June 5, 2019. “Agoraphobia.” November 2017. People with arachnophobia will become extremely anxious at the sight of a spider, usually jumping, screaming or freezing in place. Phobias are thought to be learned emotional responses. Home Mental Health Phobias Phobias Related Topics Common Phobias, As a contributor for Advanced Recovery Systems, Renee Deveney is passionate about helping people struggling with substance use... read more, Dr. Sippel is a diversely trained scientist with expertise in cancer biology and immunology. This phobia can arise from the fear of contracting an illness upon exposure to germs. Specific Phobia Among Adults. Biological Sciences / The Royal Society, May 7, 2009. A few examples of common fear objects include spiders, dogs, needles, natural disasters, heights, and flying. October 16, 2018. People with cynophobia may avoid situations where they may encounter a dog, which can be difficult given their abundance as pets in society. Is Your Fear of Haunted Houses Really a Phobia? Health Research Funding. Accessed June 5, 2019. People with cynophobia will commonly freeze at the site of a dog and have intense symptoms of anxiety. Landová, Eva; Bakhshaliyeva, Natavan; Janovcova Markéta; et al. PSYCHOLOGY phobias. As you may notice while you browse through this list, most specific phobias fall into one of four major categories: One important thing to remember is that virtually any object can become a fear object. Persistent phobia and avoidance, usually lasting 6 months or longer. Unlike arachnophobia, the fear is less likely to be induced simply by looking at a picture of a snake. “Specific Phobia.” November 2017. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2015. “22 Fascinating Claustrophobia Statistics.” Accessed June 5, 2019. They will often become very dizzy or even faint in response to the needlestick. Other types of phobias Many people dislike certain situations or objects, but to be a true phobia, the fear must interfere with daily life. People with agoraphobia tend to think of places outside of their home as unsafe. “Anxiety Disorders.” July 2018. Health Research Funding. Describe how specific phobia presents itself. Most people associate social phobia with being shy or introverted, but it is much more than that. A phobia is a type of anxiety disorder brought on by the fear of certain things or situations. In most cases, the feeling of anxiety is relieved when the person returns to ground level. Thank you, {{form.email}}, for signing up. The fear can also develop indirectly, by observing a family member that has cynophobia. Your call is confidential, and there's no pressure to commit to treatment until you're ready. Most phobias can be treated with cognitive behavioral therapy, which encourages different ways of thinking in response to the fear, oftentimes incorporating exposure to the fear itself. of being bitten by a venomous snake. Our sole focus is getting you back to the healthy, sober life you deserve, and we are ready and waiting to answer your questions or concerns 24/7.Speak to an Intake Coordinator now.352.771.2700. “Anxiety Disorders.” July 2018. Astraphobia is the fear of lightning and thunder. People with mysophobia may obsessively wash their hands or use hand sanitizer. These include: of people in the United States have a specific type of phobia. In some cases, these symptoms escalate into a full-blown panic attack. There are many different types of specific phobias that people may experience, but the. The learning theory is a broadly inclusive set of theories that are based on … Obsessive-compulsive Disorder . How Are the Most Common Phobias or Fears Treated? World Psychiatry. Causes, Treatment, and Complications of Climacophobia. Medically reviewed by Steven Gans, MD. Modeling. For some, it is brought on by simply entering a plane or even the thought of entering a plane, whereas others experience the phobia when there is turbulence during a flight. Typical symptoms of phobias can include nausea, trembling, rapid heartbeat, feelings of unreality, and being preoccupied with the fear object.

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