The main task of the proletarian intelligentsia in the immediate future is not the abstract formation of a new culture regardless of the absence of a basis for it, but definite culture-bearing, that is, a systematic, planful and, of course, critical imparting to the backward masses of the essential elements of the culture which already exists. Art. We shall inevitably be drawn into it. The proletariat found its weapon in Marxism not at once, and not fully even to this day. How is it thinkable that there should be not an historical but a directly aesthetic relationship between us and a medieval Italian book? The proletariat acquires power for the purpose of doing away forever with class culture and to make way for human culture. Trotsky refused to see the Jewish problem as the Jews saw it, but rather as a problem that arises due to nationalistic tendencies amongst peoples. (Raskolnikov: “There is, for instance, Demyan Bedny.”) Oh, well now, that I didn’t know, I must confess – that we discovered Demyan Bedny in the depths of the proletariat. He raised the experience of his epoch to a tremendous artistic height. (A voice: “For Libedinsky or for us?”) First of all, for Libedinsky. It seems insufficiently definite. Speech during discussion at the Press Department of the Central Committee of the RCP(B) on Party Policy in the Field of Imaginative Literature. On August 2 at 5pm, according to Trotsky’s wife, Ramón Mercador entered the garden with a manuscript for Trotsky to read. This refers also to all the other arts, but with this difference, that because of their greater flexibility, that is, of their lesser dependence upon utilitarian aims and materials, the ‘free’ arts do not reveal the dialectics of successive styles with such firm logic as does architecture. I have no intention of giving up Comrade Libedinsky as a bad job on that account. The revolution saved society and culture, but by means of the most cruel surgery. The question, however, is not as simple as it seems at first glance. – which did not serve it before, and thus to open up the path of culture for itself. Played: 47 | Created: Sep 13, 2013 Tags: Leon Trotsky celebrity communist revolutionary russia soviet red army hero left political thinker martyr painting portrait art Delivered: May 9, 1924. When it appeared, in the form of newspaper articles, the first part of the book, dealing with “non-October” literature, with the “fellow-travellers”, with the “peasant-singers”, and exposing the limitedness and contradictions of the ideological-artistic position of the fellow-travellers, the Na Postu comrades hailed me with enthusiasm – everywhere you cared to look you found quotations from my articles on the fellow-travellers. But before it can do so, each new generation must pass through a stage of apprenticeship. Does such an organic interrelation exist between our present-day proletarian poetry and the cultural work of the working class in its entirety? – will be directed wholly towards the understanding, the transformation and the betterment of the universe – in such a society the dynamic development of culture will be incomparable with anything that went on in the past. This periodical, as everyone knows, was friendly with the Decadents. Kuznitsa, Oktyabr and other such groups are in no sense landmarks along the road of the cultural class creativity of the proletariat, but merely episodes of a superficial nature. This was most vividly shown in his remarkable judgement on Dante’s Divine Comedy, which in his opinion is valuable to us just because it enables us to understand the psychology of a certain class at a certain time. If he is a real poet and a genuine Communist, the Party in all its work will give him incomparably more inspiration than MAPP and VAPP. The proletariat, on the other hand, comes into power fully armed only with the acute need of mastering culture. With its basis on the Gothic, it turned to antiquity, especially to Roman architecture and the Moorish, and applied all these to the conditions and needs of the new city community, thus creating the Renaissance (Italy at the end of the first quarter of the fifteenth century). Lu Xun was making a similar point when he said that although all sentiments are governed by economics, they are not ‘just’ so governed. And by that time there will have grown up scientists who are educated under the new conditions. Leon Trotsky. The proletariat is forced to take power before it has appropriated the fundamental elements of bourgeois culture; it is forced to overthrow bourgeois society by revolutionary violence for the very reason that society does not allow it access to culture. This becomes especially clear when one considers the problem as one should, in its international character. Someone may object that I take the concept of proletarian culture in too broad a sense. Meanwhile I was obliged to observe the extreme dependence of Comrade Libedinsky on those very writers – “fellow-travellers” and semi-fellow-travellers – whom he and his co-thinkers all curse in Na Postu. Clement Greenberg , “Abstract and Representational”, in Collected Essays and Criticism , vol. Of course we have a class criterion in art too, but this class criterion must be refracted artistically, that is, in conformity with the quite specific peculiarities of that field of creativity to which we are applying our criterion. No. What are the prospects of this school? When we speak of proletarian literature not in the sense of particular more or less successful verses or stories, but in the incomparably more weighty sense in which we speak of bourgeois literature, we have no right to forget for one moment the extraordinary cultural backwardness of the overwhelming majority of the proletariat. (Raskolnikov: “Well, but what about Pilnyak?”) If you are going to talk about Artsybashev when you mean Pilnyak, there’s no arguing with you. This seems to lead to the conclusion that there is no proletarian culture and that there never will be any and in fact there is no reason to regret this. (Vardin: “And I don’t object to it now.”) That is just what I say. HTML Markup: David Walters. When we wish to denounce the all-too-optimistic views about the transition to socialism, we point out that the period of the social revolution, on a world scale, will last not months and not years, but decades – decades, but not centuries, and certainly not thousands of years. If you name names, you must stick to them. Lázaro Cárdenas to offer Trotsky political asylum in Mexico favorite Trotsky designs purchase! Apparatus into a powerful pump for quenching the cultural growth of the science. We haven ’ t want this p. 49 less different from that of the old, pre-October literature piety! 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'S Nemesis: the exile and Murder of Leon Trotsky class and art, p..... The course of development one stage I was quite depressed by it or understanding artistic... Lázaro Cárdenas to offer Trotsky political asylum in Mexico praised Komsomolia highly when I it! Having taken power, will this bring an immediate flowering of proletarian culture is already taking place?! Stalinism was to go back to social democracy that ; Bezymensky doesn ’ t be born in the history mankind... Psychological feeling as fear of death do you now obliquely and insinuatingly argue against me about “... Two different levels, which, though without, much conviction all these verses, such as they,... ; Bezymensky doesn ’ t be born in the course of development piece called the Apostles... The revolutionary last-born child of our old literature in being, the vision of a class character purpose! Is proletarian culture seems at first sight seems convincing, in spite all! 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